Engine 1ZZ-FE 3ZZ-FE

On–vehile inspection

1. INSPECT COOLING SYSTEM FOR LEAKS
CAUTION:
To avoid the danger of being burned, do not remove the radiator
cap while the engine and radiator are still hot. Thermal
expansion will cause hot engine coolant and steam to
blow out from the radiator.
(a) Remove the radiator support opening cover.
(b) Remove the engine room cover side.
(c) Fill the radiator with coolant and attach a radiator cap tester.
(d) Warm up the engine.
(e) Pump it to 118 kPa (1.2 kgf/cm2, 17.1 psi), and check that
the pressure does not drop.
If the pressure drops, check the hoses, radiator and water
pump for leaks. If there are no signs or traces of external coolant
leaks, check the heater core, cylinder block and head.
(f) Reinstall the engine room cover side.
(g) Reinstall the radiator support opening cover.
2. CHECK ENGINE COOLANT LEVEL AT RESERVOIR
(a) The engine coolant level should be between the ”LOW” and ”FULL” lines, when the engine is cold.
If low, check for leaks and add ”Toyota Long Life Coolant” or equivalent up to the ”FULL” line.
3. CHECK ENGINE COOLANT QUALITY
(a) Remove the radiator cap.
CAUTION:
To avoid the danger of being burned, do not remove the radiator cap while the engine and radiator
are still hot. Thermal expansion will cause hot engine coolant and steam to blow out from the radiator.
(b) Check if there is any excessive deposits of rust or scale around the radiator cap and radiator filler hole;
the coolant should be free from oil.
If excessively dirty, replace the coolant.
(c) Reinstall the radiator cap.